Surgical Prophylaxis

Definition Antibiotics administered prior to contamination of previously uninfected tissues or fluids are considered prophylactic. The goal for prophylactic antibiotics is to prevent a surgical-site infection from developing. The prevention and management of non-surgical-site infection postoperative infections, such as catheter-related urinary tract infections, occasionally require antibiotics, but prevention of non-surgical-site infection infections is not the goal of surgical prophylaxis. Presumptive antibiotic therapy is administered when an infection is suspected but not yet proven. Therapeutic antibiotics are required for established infection. surgical-site infections are classified as either incisional (such as cellulites of the incision site) or involving an organ or space (such as with meningitis). Incisional surgical-site infections may be superficial (skin […]