Tags: Cryptococcosis

Penicillium Infections

Penicillium spp. are ubiquitous in nature and may be recovered with ease from a variety of sources within the hospital environment. These molds commonly contaminate clinical specimens and cause contamination in the laboratory. Colonization of nonsterile anatomical sites in humans is common. In most cases where Penicillium spp. are recovered from clinical specimens, they represent colonization.

Cryptococcus Neoformans

Cryptococcus neoformans exists as two distinct varieties known as variety neoformans and variety gattii (Table 1). Cryptococcus neoformans variety neoformans exists throughout the world and is found frequently in pigeon droppings that have accumulated over time. The concentrations of these organisms are often quite high in old pigeon droppings found in barns, on window ledges, and around the upper floors of old buildings. Pigeons carrying the organism do not seem to be clinically affected, and wet or fresh droppings rarely contain C neoformans.

Use and Administration of Itraconazole 100 mg (Sporanox)

Itraconazole can be used to treat various superficial fungal infections, including the dermatophytoses, pityriasis versicolor, and mucosal and cutaneous forms of candidosis. It is also effective in patients with subcutaneous infections, such as chromoblastomycosis, sporotrichosis and certain forms of phaeohyphomycosis.

Fluconazole 50, 100, 150, 200 mg Tablets (Diflucan)

Fluconazole is a potent inhibitor of ergosterol biosynthesis, through its action on the cytochrome P-450-dependent enzyme, lanosterol 14a-demethylase. Depletion of ergosterol, the principal sterol in the membrane of susceptible fungal cells, and accumulation of methylated sterols leads to alterations in a number of membrane-associated cell functions. Fluconazole has a broad spectrum of action including Blastomyces dermatitidis, Coccidioides immitis, Cryptococcus neoformans, Histoplasma capsulatum and Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. It is active against Candida albicans, C. tropicalis and C. parapsilosis, but many strains of C. krusei and Torulopsis glabrata (now reclassified as Candida glabrata) appear to be insensitive.

Buy Without Prescription Sporanox (Itraconazole) 100mg

Itraconazole is a triazole antifungal drug. It is used orally to treat oropharyngeal and vulvovaginal candidiasis, pityriasis versicolor, dermatophytoses unresponsive to topical treatment, and systemic infections, including aspergillosis, blastomycosis, chromoblastomycosis, cocci-dioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, paracocci-dioidomycosis, and sporotrichosis.

Buy Diflucan (Fluconazole) No Prescription 50/100/150/200mg

A white or almost white, hygroscopic, crystalline powder. It exhibits polymorphism. Slightly soluble in water freely soluble in methyl alcohol soluble in acetone.

Purchase Diflucan (Fluconazole) No Prescription 50/100/150/200mg

Fluconazole is a triazole antifungal used for superficial mucosal (oropharyngeal, oesophageal, or vaginal) candidiasis and for fungal skin infections. It is also given for systemic infections including systemic candidiasis, coccidioidomycosis, and cryptococcosis, and has been tried in blastomycosis, histoplasmosis, and sporotrichosis. The place of fluconazole in the treatment of fungal infections is discussed in the various sections under Choice of Antifungal.

Blastomycosis

Incidence/Prevalence in USA: Ranges from 0.4-4 cases per 100,000 population per year. Higher prevalence in states bordering the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers. Sporadic cases occurring in other areas.