Tags: Paracoccidioidomycosis

Fusarium, Penicillium, Paracoccidioides, & Agents of Chromomycosis

Fusarium spp. is an emerging fungal pathogen. Although long recognized as a cause of local infection involving nails, traumatized skin, or the cornea (eg, in contact lens wearers), deep or disseminated infection was not described until the mid 1970s. Despite its worldwide distribution and its frequent recovery from soil and vegetative material, infection is quite rare. Only ~ 100 cases involving invasive disease in immunosuppressed patients have been described in the medical literature.

Paracoccidioidomycosis

Paracoccidioidomycosis is caused by Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Also known as South American blastomycosis, it is the most prevalent systemic mycosis found in Central and South America and is the most common endemic mycosis in this area. Paracoccidioidomycosis is acquired only in Central and South America and ranges from Mexico to Argentina.

Fungal Infections, Invasive

Systemic mycoses, such as histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, blastomycosis, paracoccidioidomycosis, and sporotrichosis, are caused by primary or “pathogenic”¬†fungi that can cause disease in both healthy and immunocompromised individuals. In contrast, mycoses caused by opportunistic fungi such as Candida albicans, Aspergillus spp., Trichosporon, Torulopsis (Candida) glabrata, Fusarium, Alternaria, and Mucor are generally found only in the immunocompromised host.

Antimicrobial therapy: general principles

A wide variety of antimicrobial agents is available to treat established infections caused by bacteria, fungi, viruses, or parasites. This section will cover the general principles of antimicrobial therapy and will also include illustrative clinical problems to emphasize proper decision-making in using antimicrobials.

Antifungal Drugs

A number of systemic fungal infections (e.g., histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, and paracoccidioidomycosis) can also afflict otherwise healthy persons. Until recently, only amphotericin B was available to treat systemic fungal infection. However, with the rapid development and clinical assessment of azole compounds, a number of these agents are also considered appropriate for treatment of fungal infections.

Amphotericin B: Dosage and Administration

Conventional amphotericin B is administered by IV infusion. The drug also has been given intra-articularly, intrapleurally, intrathecally, or by local instillation or irrigation. For information regarding administration of the drug as an oral suspension and administration of the drug topically, subconjunctivally, or by local instillation or irrigation.

Amphotericin B: Uses

Conventional IV amphotericin B (formulated with sodium desoxycholate) is used for the treatment of potentially life-threatening fungal infections including aspergillosis, North American blastomycosis, systemic candidiasis, coccidioidomycosis, cryptococcosis, histoplasmosis, paracoccidioidomycosis,, sporotrichosis, and zygomycosis.

Order Without Prescription Cheap Nizoral (Ketoconazole) 200mg

Ketoconazole is administered orally. To ensure absorption in patients with achlorhydria, it has been recommended that each 200 mg of ketoconazole be dissolved in 4 mL of 0.2N hydrochloric acid solution or taken with 200 mL of 0.1N hydrochloric acid.

Purchase Ketoconazole (Nizoral) Online No Prescription 200mg

Oral ketoconazole is used in the treatment of blastomycosis, candidal infections (i.e., oropharyngeal and/or esophageal candidiasis, vulvovaginal candidiasis, candiduria, chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis),chromomycosis (chromoblastomycosis), coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, and paracoccidioidomycosis.

Buy Itraconazole (Sporanox) Without Prescription 100mg

Itraconazole oral solution (but not itraconazole capsules) is used for the treatment of oropharyngeal and esophageal candidiasis. Itraconazole (given IV initially followed by itraconazole oral solution) is used for empiric antifungal therapy in febrile neutropenic patients. Oral itraconazole capsules are used in immunocompetent individuals for the treatment of tinea unguium (onychomycosis) of the toenail and/or fingernail caused by dermatophytes.

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